Publication 2004

▼Rational Design of an L-Histidine-Derived Minimal Artificial Acylase for the Kinetic Resolution of Racemic Alcohols


Kazuaki Ishihara*

Yuji Kosugi

Matsujiro Akakura


J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126 (39), 12212-12213.

DOI: 10.1021/ja045850j


This communication describes the rational design of an L-histidine-derived minimal artificial acylase. Our new artificial acylase, tert-butyldiphenylsilyl ether of N-(2,4,6-triisopropylbenzenesulfonyl)-pi(Me)-L-histidinol, is a simple and small molecule (molecular weight = 660) that contains only one chiral carbon center that originates from natural L-histidine. The kinetic acylation of racemic secondary alcohols induced by this compound showed an S (kfast/kslow) value of up to 93. A reusable polystyrene-bound artificial acylase was also developed to examine its practical usability.

▼A New Artificial Cyclase for Polyprenoids: Enantioselective Total Synthesis of (-)-Chromazonarol, (+)-8-epi-Puupehedione, and (-)-11'-Deoxytaondiol Methyl Ether

Hideaki, Ishibashi

Kazuaki, Ishihara*

Hisashi, Yamamoto*


J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126 (36), 11122-11123.

DOI: 10.1021/ja0472026


This paper describes a new artificial cyclase, optically pure 3-o-fluorobenzyloxy-2-hydroxy-2'-(p-methoxybemzyl)-1,1'-binaphthyl・SnCl4, which is effective for the enantioselective cyclization of 2-(polyprenyl)phenol derivatives to afford polycyclic terpenoids bearing a chroman skeleton such as (-)-chromazonarol, (+)-8-epi-puupehedione, a key synthetic intermediate of (+)-wiedendiol, and (-)-11'-deoxytaondiol methyl ether.

▼Water-Tolerant and Reusable Catalysts for Direct Ester Condensation between Equimolar Amounts of Carboxylic Acids and Alcohols


Masaya Nakayama

Atsushi Sato

Kazuaki Ishihara*

Hisashi Yamamoto*


Adv. Synth. Catal. 2004, 346, 1275-1279.

DOI: 10.1002/adsc.200404149


ZrOCl28H2O and HfOCl28H2O are highly effective, water-tolerant, and reusable homogeneous catalysts for direct ester condensation between equimolar amounts of carboxylic acids and alcohols. Notably, zirconium(IV) salts such as ZrOCl28H2O and Zr(OAc)x(OH)y are potential green catalysts due to their low toxicity, commercial availability at low cost, ease of handling, high catalytic activity, and reusability.

▼Arylboronic Acid-Catalyzed Direct Condensation of Carboxylic Acids with Ureas


Toshikatsu Maki

Kazuaki Ishihara*

Hisashi Yamamoto*


Synlett 2004, 1355-1358.

DOI: 10.1055/s-2004-825615


The first example of the catalytic direct condensation of carboxylic acids with ureas to give N-acylureas, N,N'-diacyl-2-imidazolidones, and poly(N,N'-diacyl-2-imidazolidone)s is described. Arylboronic acids bearing electron-withdrawing substituents are highly effective as catalysts for this condensation. Furthermore, a new and efficient one-pot procedure for the conversion of carboxylic acids and urea to nitriles via N-acylurea intermediates was accomplished by using arylboronic acid and rhenium(VII) oxo complexes as hybrid catalysts.

▼Tin(IV) Chloride-Chiral Pyrogallol Derivatives as New Lewis Acid-Assisted Chiral Bronsted Acids for Enantioselective Polyene Cyclization


Keiko Kumazawa

Kazuaki Ishihara*

Hisashi Yamamoto*


Org. Lett. 2004, 6, 2551-2554.

DOI:  10.1021/ol049126h


New Lewis acid-assisted Bronsted acids (LBAs), tin(IV) chloride-2,6-dialkoxyphenols, serve as artificial cyclases for biomimetic polyene cyclization. For example, the enantioselective cyclization of 4-(homogeranyl)toluene using tin(IV) chloride-2,6-di[(1'R,2'R)-trans-2'-(3'',5''-xylyl)cyclohexanoxy]-phenol gave a trans-fused tricyclic compound with 85% ee.

▼Synthesis of Carboxamides by LDA-Catalyzed Haller-Bauer and Cannizzaro Reactions


Kazuaki Ishihara*

Takayuki Yano


Org. Lett. 2004, 6, 1983-1986.

DOI:  10.1021/ol0494459


The first direct synthesis of N-alkylcarboxamides and N,N-dialkylcarboxamides by Haller-Bauer (HB) and Cannizzaro-type reactions has been realized. Lithium N,N-diisopropylamide (LDA) catalyst was successfully used in not only the HB reaction of benzylic ketones with lithium N-alkylamides to give the corresponding carboxamides and hydrocarbons but also in the Cannizzaro-type reaction of aldehydes with lithium N-alkylamides or lithium N,N-dialkylamides to give the corresponding carboxamides and alcohols.

▼Asymmetric Direct Aldol Reaction Assisted by Water and a Proline-Derived Tetrazole Catalyst


Hiromi Torii

Masakazu Nakadai

Kazuaki Ishihara

Susumu Saito*

Hisashi Yamamoto*


Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2004, 43, 1983-1986.

DOI:  10.1002/anie.200352724


Just add water to improve the performance of direct aldol reactions like that shown. Previously, aldehydes with high water-affinity or -solubility were considered unsuitable for asymmetric synthesis.

▼Asymmetric Vinylogous Direct Aldol Reaction Using Aluminum Tris[2,6-bis(4-alkylphenyl)phenoxide]


Hiroshi Takikawa

Kazuaki Ishihara

Susumu Saito*

Hisashi Yamamoto*


Synlett 2004, 732-734.

DOI: 10.1055/s-2004-817761


Diastereoselective vinylogous direct aldol reaction was realized by use of chiral a,b-unsaturated esters and aldehydes in the presence of aluminum tris[2,6-bis(4-alkylphenyl)phenoxide]s. The reaction involves novel 1,7-asymmetric induction and direct coupling of an a,b-unsaturated ester with an aldehyde, through in situ deprotonation of the a-proton of the ester component by LTMP.

▼Chiral Molecular Recognition by Aluminum Tris(2,6-diphenylphenoxide) in an Asymmetric 1,4-Addition


Hirotsugu Ito

Takashi Nagahara

Kazuaki Ishihara

Susumu Saito*

Hisashi Yamamoto*


Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2004, 43, 994-997.

DOI:  10.1002/anie.200352809


A precomplex of a chiral α,β-unsaturated ester and a bulky aluminum oxide is crucial to setting the diastereoselectivity in the 1,4-addition of a Grignard or organolithium reagent. This approach based on chiral recognition broadens the potential of the strategies relying on stoichiometric reagents.






Postdoctoral and graduate students is being recruited.In our laboratory will be accepted at any time undergraduate, graduate student visits to laboratories.Those who wish, please contact us by e-mail to Professor Ishihara.



国立大学法人 東海国立大学機構


大学院工学研究科 有機・高分子化学専攻(工学部 化学生命工学科)


〒464-8603 名古屋市千種区不老町



Laboratory of Catalysis in Organic Synthesis, Research Group of Molecular Chemistry, Graduate Department of Molecular and Macromolecular Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering (Undergraduate Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, School of Engineering), Nagoya University

Tokai National Higher Education and Research System

B2-3(611), Furo-cho, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan