論文 2010


▼Catalytic Enantioselective 1,3-Dipolar Cycloadditions of Nitrones with Propioloylpyrazoles and Acryloylpyrazoles Induced by Chiral pi-Cation Catalysts


Akira Sakakura

Masahiro Hori

Makoto Fushimi

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 15550-15552.

DOI: 10.1021/ja1081603

 

A chiral copper(II) complex of 3-(2-naphthyl)-l-alanine amide successfully catalyzes the enantioselective 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of nitrones with propioloylpyrazole and acryloylpyrazole derivatives. The asymmetric environment created by intramolecular pi-cation interaction gives the corresponding adducts in high yields with excellent enantioselectivity. This is the first successful method for the catalytic enantioselective 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of nitrones with acetylene derivatives. The 1,3-dipolar cycloadducts can be stereoselectively converted to beta-lactams via reductive cleavage of the N-O bond using SmI2.

▼Highly Practical BINOL-Derived Acid-Base Combined Salt Catalysts for the Asymmetric Direct Mannich-Type Reaction


Manabu Hatano

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Synthesis 2010, 3785-3801.

DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1258296

 

The catalytic asymmetric direct Mannich-type reaction between aldimines and 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds is one of the most important carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions in organic chemistry. The resulting Mannich adducts can be efficiently transformed into pharmaceutically useful, optically active β-amino ketones, β-amino esters, β-lactams, etc. In the course of our study of chiral acid-base combined salt catalysts for asymmetric reactions, we developed a series of simple, practical, chiral BINOL-derived salt catalysts, such as chiral pyridinium 1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-disulfonates 1, chiral lithium(I) binaphtholate 2, chiral magnesium(II) binaphtholate (3), chiral calcium(II) phosphate 4, and chiral phosphoric acid 5, which were particularly effective for direct Mannich-type reactions.

▼Asymmetric Cu(II) Catalyses for Cycloaddition Reactions Based on π-cation or n-cation Interactions


Akira Sakakura

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Chem. Soc. Rev. 2011, 40, 163-172.

DOI: 10.1039/B924478F

 

The rational design of small but highly functional artificial catalysts is very important for practical organic synthesis. Asymmetric Lewis acid catalyses with non-covalent secondary interactions have been developed for enantioselective reactions. This tutorial review describes the concept, design and examples of asymmetric Cu(II) catalyses for cycloaddition reactions based on intramolecular π-cation or n-cation interactions between the copper(II) cation and auxiliary Lewis basic sites of the chiral ligands.

▼プロセス化に耐えうるエステル化及びアミド合成法の開発


石原一彰*

 

ファルマシア, 2010, 46, 739-744.

http://farumashia.pharm.or.jp/

▼A Concise Synthesis of (S)-(+)-Ginnol Based on Catalytic Enantioselective Addition of Commercially Unavailable Di(n-alkyl)zinc to Aldehydes and Ketones


Manabu Hatano

Tomokazu Mizuno

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Synlett 2010, 2024-2028.

DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1258129

 

Catalytic, enantioselective n-alkyl addition of commercially unavailable di(n-alkyl)zinc reagents, which were prepared by a refined version of Charette's procedure with Grignard reagents, to aldehydes and ketones was developed. To minimize the side reactions in the catalysis by chiral phosphoramide ligand (1) or 3,3'-diphosphoryl-BINOL ligand (2), a preparation of di(n-alkyl)zinc reagents with a 1:2.5:1.6 molar ratio of ZnCl2/NaOMe/RMgCl under solvent-free conditions was essential. Optically pure (S)-(+)-ginnol (17) was readily synthesized in one step for the first time by the catalytic enantioselective n-nonylation of icosanal.

▼Magnesium(II)-Binaphtholate as a Practical Chiral Catalyst for the Enantioselective Direct Mannich-Type Reaction with Malonates


Manabu Hatano

Takahiro Horibe

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Org. Lett. 2010, 12(15), 3502-3505.

DOI: 10.1021/ol101353r

 

A highly enantioselective direct Mannich-type reaction of aldimines with dialkyl malonates was developed with the use of a Mg(II)-BINOLate salt, which was designed as a cooperative acid-base catalyst that can activate both aldimines and malonates. Optically active β-aminoesters and α-halo-β-aminoesters could be synthesized in high yields and with high enantioselectivities. This inexpensive and practical Mg(II)-BINOLate salt could be used in gram-scale catalysis.

▼Catalytic Enantioselective Synthesis of Sterically Demanding Alcohols Using Di(2°-alkyl)zinc Prepared by the Refined Charette's Method


Manabu Hatano

Tomokazu Mizuno

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Chem. Commun. 2010, 46, 5443-5445.

DOI: 10.1039/C0CC01301C

 

A highly practical, catalytic enantioselective 2°-alkyl addition to aldehydes and ketones was developed. Chiral phosphoramide ligand (1) with salt-free and solvent-free di(2°-alkyl)zinc reagents prepared from (2°-alkyl)MgCl was essential.

▼Zinc(II)-Catalyzed Addition of Grignard Reagents to Ketones


Manabu Hatano

Orie Ito

Shinji Suzuki

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

J. Org. Chem. 2010, 75(15), 5008-5016.

DOI: 10.1021/jo100563p

 

The addition of organometallic reagents to carbonyl compounds has become a versatile method for synthesizing tertiary and secondary alcohols via carbon−carbon bond formation. However, due to the lack of good nucleophilicity or the presence of strong basicity of organometallic reagents, the efficient synthesis of tertiary alcohols from ketones has been particularly difficult and, thus, limited. We recently developed highly efficient catalytic alkylation and arylation reactions to ketones with Grignard reagents (RMgX: R = alkyl, aryl; X = Cl, Br, I) using ZnCl2, Me3SiCH2MgCl, and LiCl, which effectively minimize problematic side reactions. In principle, RMgBr and RMgI are less reactive than RMgCl for the addition to carbonyl compounds. Therefore, this novel method with homogeneous catalytic ZnCl2·Me3SiCH2MgCl·LiCl is quite attractive, since RMgBr and RMgI, which are easily prepared and/or commercially available, like RMgCl, can be applied successfully. As well as ketones and aldehydes, aldimines were effectively applied to this catalysis, and the corresponding secondary amines were obtained in high yield. With regard to mechanistic details concerning β-silyl effect and salt effect, in situ-prepared [R(Me3SiCH2)2Zn][Li]+[MgX2]m[LiCl]n (X = Cl/Br/I) is speculated to be a key catalytic reagent to promote the reaction effectively. The simplicity of this reliable ZnCl2·Me3SiCH2MgCl·LiCl system in the addition of Grignard reagents to carbonyl compounds might be attractive for industrial as well as academic applications.

 

▼Quaternary Ammonium (Hypo)iodite Catalysis for Enantioselective Oxidative Cycloetherification


Muhammet Uyanik

Hiroaki Okamoto

Takeshi Yasui

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Science 2010, 328, 1376-1379.

DOI: 10.1126/science.1188217

 

It is desirable to minimize the use of rare or toxic metals for oxidative reactions in the synthesis of pharmaceutical products. Hypervalent iodine compounds are environmentally benign alternatives, but their catalytic use, particularly for asymmetric transformations, has been quite limited. We report here an enantioselective oxidative cycloetherification of ketophenols to 2-acyl-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran derivatives, catalyzed by in situ?generated chiral quaternary ammonium (hypo)iodite salts, with hydrogen peroxide as an environmentally benign oxidant. The optically active 2-acyl 2,3-dihydrobenzofuran skeleton is a key structure in several biologically active compounds.

 

▼Chiral Hypervalent Iodine-Catalyzed Enantioselective Oxidative Kita Spirolactonization Of 1-Naphthol Derivatives And One-Pot Diastereoselective Oxidation To Epoxyspirolactones


Muhammet Uyanik

Takeshi Yasui

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Tetrahedron 2010, 66, 5841-5851.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tet.2010.04.060

 

We demonstrate here the rational design of a conformationally flexible C2-symmetric iodosylarene 8g based on secondary n–σ or hydrogen-bonding interactions as a chiral catalyst for the enantioselective Kita oxidative spirolactonization of 1-naphthol derivatives 5. Iodosylarenes 8 were generated in situ from iodoarenes 7 and mCPBA as a co-oxidant. Furthermore, epoxyspirolactone 15 was obtained by the one-pot oxidation of 5 with mCBPA in the presence of 7g. Thus, the enantioselective oxidation of 5 to 6 and the successive enantio- and diastereo-selective oxidation of 5 to 15 proceeded in good yields when we controlled the amount of mCPBA.

 

▼Which Is the Actual Catalyst: Chiral Phosphoric Acid or Chiral Calcium Phosphate?


Manabu Hatano

Katsuhiko Moriyama

Toshikatsu Maki

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 3823-3826.

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201000824

 

Both catalysts work: A highly enantioselective direct Mannich-type reaction of N-Boc-protected aldimines with 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds has been developed with the use of a chiral phosphoric acid in the presence or absence of CaII. The absolute stereoselectivity of the phosphoric acid catalysis was found to be opposite to that of the calcium phosphate catalysis (see scheme; Boc=tert-butoxycarbonyl).

 

▼Organoammonium Salt-Catalyzed Enantioselective Cycloaddition Reactions with alpha-(Acyloxy)- or alpha-Diacylaminoacroleins


Akira Sakakura

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 2010, 8(4), 313-322.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.20090345

 

This account describes rational design of primary ammonium salt catalysts for enantioselective cycloaddition reactions with alpha-(acyloxy)acroleins and alpha-diacylaminoacroleins. The flexible asymmetric environment created using the chiral primary ammonium salts would be essential for the high-level induction of the enantioselectivity.

 

▼Synthesis of Chiral 3,3'-Disubstituted 1,1'-Binaphthyl-2,2'-disulfonic Acids


Manabu Hatano

Yoshihiro Sugiura

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Tetrahedron: Asymmetry 2010, 21(9-10), 1311-1314.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tetasy.2010.03.014

 

A convenient synthesis of chiral 3,3′-disubstituted 1,1′-binaphthyl-2,2′-disulfonic acids (BINSA, 1) was developed. The key was directed ortho-lithiation of BINSA methyl ester 2 with n-BuLi and subsequent reaction with an electrophile. Electrophiles such as Br2, I2, Me3SiOTf, and i-PrOB(Pin) reacted smoothly with 3,3′-dilithiated BINSA methyl ester, and the corresponding 3,3′-dihalo-, 3,3′-bis(trimethylsilyl)-, and 3,3′-diboryl-BINSA derivatives were obtained in yields of 21–78%. This simple synthetic method is highly attractive since the ability to prepare 3,3′-disubstituted BINOLs in advance can be useful.

 

▼Enantioselective Kita Oxidative Spirolactonization Catalyzed by In Situ Generated Chiral Hypervalent Iodine(III) Species


Muhammet Uyanik

Takeshi Yasui

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 2175-2177.

DOI: 10.1002/anie.200907352

 

The iodines(III) have it: The rational design of a conformationally flexible C2-symmetric iodosylarene catalyst has been used for the enantioselective Kita oxidative spirolactonization. The reaction occurs through secondary n–σ* or hydrogen-bonding interactions between the chiral catalyst and the substrate. Mes=mesityl (2,4,6-trimethylphenyl).

▼Zinc(II)-Catalyzed Grignard Additions to Ketones with RMgBr and RMgI


Manabu Hatano

Orie Ito

Shinji Suzuki

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Chem. Commun. 2010, 46, 2674-2676.

DOI: 10.1039/B926243A

 

Highly efficient alkylations and arylations of ketones with Grignard reagents (RMgBr and RMgI) have been developed using catalytic ZnCl2, Me3SiCH2MgCl, and LiCl. Tertiary alcohols were obtained in high yields with high chemoselectivities, while minimizing undesired side products produced by reduction and enolization.

▼Bromine-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidation of Alcohols


Muhammet Uyanik

Ryota Fukatsu

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Chem. Asian J. 2010, 5, 456-460.

DOI: 10.1002/asia.200900609

 

Simple and clean: We have demonstrated that a simple and environmentally benign catalytic system HBr/NaNO2 is very effective for the selective oxidation of alcohols under balloon pressure of O2. Furthermore, the aerobic oxidation of alcohols has been achieved under balloon pressure of air rather that pure O2, with this HBr/NaNO2/HNO3 catalytic system.

▼Nucleophilic Phosphine-Catalyzed Iodocyclization of Isoprenoids Bearing an Oxygen Terminal Group


Akira Sakakura

Gakujun Shomi

Atsushi Ukai

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Heterocycles 2010, 82(1), 249-255.

DOI: 10.3987/COM-09-S(E)1

 

The nucleophilic phosphine-catalyzed diastereoselective iodocyclization of linear isoprenoids bearing an oxygen terminal group was investigated. TBDMS ether of homogeraniol and TBDMS ester of homogeranic acid were successfully converted to the corresponding iodopolycyclic products in the presence of a catalytic amount of triphenylphosphine with complete diastereoselectivity.

▼Highly Chemoselective Stoichiometric Alkylation of Ketones with Grignard Reagent Derived Zinc(II) Ate Complexes


Manabu Hatano

Shinji Suzuki

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

Synlett 2010, 321.

DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1219220

 

A highly chemoselective alkylation of ketones with Grignard reagent derived stoichiometric zinc(II) ate complexes was developed. Zinc(II) ate complexes are readily prepared at room temperature within one hour in situ from ZnCl2 and Grignard reagents without unstable alkyllithium reagents. The desired tertiary alcohols were obtained in much improved yields due to the minimization of background reactions with free Grignard reagents.

▼Chiral Lithium(I) Binaphtholate Salts for the Enantioselective Direct Mannich-Type Reaction with a Change of Syn/Anti and Absolute Stereochemistry

 

Manabu Hatano

Takahiro Horibe

Kazuaki Ishihara*

 

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 56-57.

DOI: 10.1021/ja909874b

 

A highly diastereo- and enantioselective direct Mannich-type reaction of aldimines with 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds using Li(I) BINOLate salts as effective Lewis acid-Bronsted base catalysts has been developed. Li(I) BINOLate salts offered high catalytic activity toward 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds such as diketone, ketoester, ketothioester, ketoamide, and ketolactone. The reactions proceeded at -78 °C within 1-2 h in the presence of 1-10 mol % catalyst, which showed a catalytic activity (turnover frequency = 284 h-1) quite unlike those of other previous catalysts. Anti products were selectively obtained from acyclic ketoesters without epimerization at an alpha-3°-carbon center, and these are valuable since previous catalysts often gave syn/anti mixtures or the stereochemistry has not yet been determined.

Recruit

ポスドク及び大学院生を募集中です。

当研究室では学部生、大学院生の研究室見学を随時受け付けております。

希望者は、石原教授までメールでお問い合わせ下さい。

 

Postdoctoral and graduate students is being recruited.In our laboratory will be accepted at any time undergraduate, graduate student visits to laboratories.Those who wish, please contact us by e-mail to Professor Ishihara.

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ISHIHARA GROUP

名古屋大学

大学院工学研究科 有機・高分子化学専攻(工学部 化学生命工学科)
有機化学講座

触媒有機合成学研究グループ

〒464-8603 名古屋市千種区不老町

B2-3(611)

 

Laboratory of Catalysis in Organic Synthesis, Research Group of Molecular Chemistry, Graduate Department of Molecular and Macromolecular Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering (Undergraduate Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, School of Engineering), Nagoya University

B2-3(611), Furo-cho, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan